According to WebMD, affects about 5,000 people in the U.S. every year. Also known as Pontiac disease, the disease is a form of pneumonia that occurs when a person inhales the Legionella bacteria. It’s particularly common in areas with poor water management and it’s fatal in one of every 10 cases. Legionnaires is not contagious, so it can’t spread from person to another.

    In this post, we’re going to help you understand some of the causes and symptoms of Legionnaires’ Disease. Read on to learn more.

    Understand the Symptoms

    In most cases, patients will start experiencing the symptoms of this disease within two to 10 days of exposure to its bacteria. The initial signs include chills, muscle pain, headache, and fever that may be 104 F or even higher. As the condition develops, a patient may show more symptoms, such as chest pain, breath shortness, cough, confusion, and gastrointestinal symptoms like vomiting and nausea.

    In most cases, the lungs are usually affected by the disease. However, it can also lead to wound infections and symptoms in other parts of the body like the heart. When Legionnaires disease is mild, it usually causes symptoms, such as muscle aches, headache, chills and fever. In this case, it might not affect your lungs and symptoms usually clear within two to five days.

    No matter the case, it’s advisable to seek medical attention if you think you’ve been exposed to the Legionella bacteria.

    What Are the Causes?

    As already stated, Legionnaires occurs when people breathe in water droplets that contain the Legionella bacterium. Outdoors, the bacteria survive in water and soil, but it rarely causes infections in such environments. It’s usually disease-causing when found indoors in water systems, such as air conditioners, hot tubs, and mist sprayers in grocery stores.

    It’s possible to get Legionnaires from home plumbing systems, but most cases usually occur in large public buildings, such as hotels and hospitals. Keep in mind that you can only get the disease after inhaling affected water droplets; not from actually drinking the water. Also, the bacteria mostly survives in fresh water with a favorable temperature.

    The Legionella bacterium can multiply rapidly and spread in water with temperatures ranging from 68 to 113 degrees. It also survives in a wet environment where its food is available. Impurities, such as rust, algae, sludge, and limescale, are some of its food. Other areas where the bacteria can be found include spas, water taps, showers, baths, and humidifiers. Keeping these areas sanitized will protect you and your family members from the possible


    Risk Factors

    You also need to understand that there are certain factors that can make a person more susceptible to Legionnaires disease. Age is one of them and those who are 50 years and above have a higher risk. If you’ve got existing medical conditions, such as lung cancer and (COPD), you’re also likely to get the Legionnaires when exposed to the bacteria.

    People with a weakened immune system, such as those with kidney disease, leukemia, and diabetes, and those undergoing chemotherapy treatments, are also vulnerable. Lifestyle factors, like heavy use of alcohol and cigarettes, puts you at risk of the condition. The CDC also notes that children delivered in a water bath or bathing tub may be in danger of suffering from Legionnaires, too.

    Stay Safe and Healthy!

    Legionnaires’ disease can affect just about anyone, so it helps to stay safe when around public water systems. Doctors usually use antibiotics to treat the condition. Patients are supposed to

    use the medication for about 10 to 14 days for optimal results. Remember to see the doctor as soon as possible if you experience symptoms related to Legionnaires.


    1 Comment

    1. Akhil Arya says:

      The Legionnaires sickness happens when individuals take in water beads that contain the Legionella bacterium. Outside, the microscopic organisms make due in water and soil, however it once in a while causes contaminations in such conditions. It’s typically infection causing when discovered inside in water frameworks, for example, aeration and cooling systems, hot tubs, and fog sprayers in supermarkets.

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